Thursday, May 21, 2020
Archaeology and the Trojan War Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ he [Heinrich Schliemann] found layers of ruins Ã¢â¬ ¦ and two bore unmistakable signs of violent destruction. One of these layers, the seventh according to more recent excavators, was no doubt the city of Priam and Hector. The historicity of the Homeric tale had been demonstrated archaeologically.Ã¢â¬ - M.I. Finley, the World of Odysseus Introduction The Trojan War and its characters are detailed in the writings of Homer, Vergil, Dante and many others. It is a fantastical tale of a decade-long siege of a powerful city by a massive pan-hellenic force. However, even though it has proved to be such a rich source of inspiration for writers, poets and artists throughout history, it is debated whether itÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Thucydides, much like Heroditus, believed that it had happened, though he does concede that Homer had changed the story in creating his poetry. Other authors who have drawn on the Trojan War include Plato, Vergil and Dante. Though the Trojan War was an event from early Greek history, the Romans too wrote about it. VergilÃ¢â¬â¢s unfinished Aeneid tells the story of Aeneas. Indeed, classical civilisations did not have a monopoly on the Trojan War - Ulysses (Odysseus latinised) appears alongside Diomedes (another leader of the Achaeans who, amongst other deeds, went inside the famous Trojan Horse) in Dantes Inferno. Because so many authors have written about the Trojan War, there are conflicting versions of events. However, we can compare the different versions and conclude that anything that is repeated in each of the sources actually happened. At the most basic level, we can say that the Trojan War was a pan-hellenic assault on the city of Troy, which after a protracted siege, the attackers were the victors. (If we do not take it for granted that the Trojan War was an attack on the Trojans, then there is very little reason for calling it the Ã¢â¬Å"Trojan WarÃ¢â¬ .) The other problems with the surviving accounts of the Trojan War are the involvement of the gods. Supposedly Apollo and Poseidon helped build Troy as punishment. Throughout the Aeneid, the gods aid mortals in their own particular struggles. Obviously, if the TrojanShow MoreRelatedArchaeology Has Proved the Historicity of the Trojan War. Discuss1748 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesArchaeology has proved the historicity of the Trojan War. Discuss Ãâ¦ he [Heinrich Schliemann] found layers of ruins Ãâ¦ and two bore unmistakable signs of violent destruction. One of these layers, the seventh according to more recent excavators, was no doubt the city of Priam and Hector. The historicity of the Homeric tale had been demonstrated archaeologically. - M.I. Finley, the World of Odysseus Introduction The Trojan War and its characters are detailed in the writings of Homer, VergilRead MoreThe Trojan War - Fact or Fiction?1674 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Trojan War Ãâ" Fact or Fiction? The Trojan War. Confined totally to the pages of Homers The Illiad, the indulgent fantasy of a Greek poet who lived over two and a half thousand years ago- or a historic fact at the centre of the most famous quarrel ever? The Illiad is the ancient tale of a mighty city called Troy that lay at the edge of Asia Minor whose prince abducted Helen, the most beautiful woman of all time, from the king of Greek Sparta, causing the Greeks to send an army in a thousandRead MoreEssay about Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages is perhaps the most famous and notable writer of epics. Inspired directly from the stories that had been passed down orally over the centuries, Homer wrote these epic poems retelling the stories of the last year of the Trojan War and OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢s journey home after the Trojan War. These epics are filled with supernatural events such as gods lending their power to a hero, allowing him to slay row after row of troops and gods going directly onto the battlefield to help turn the tide in a battle. TheRead MoreExploring Homers Iliad as a Source of Information about the Ancient City of Troy1144 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinformation on a beneficial number of mythological figures. The Iliad The Iliad is a reliable source of information about the city of Troy in the late Bronze Age. This is because it presents the evidence from two very different fields: archaeology and linguistics/philology. Though there is the idea that details in the Iliad reflect society, as it was long before the eighth century B.C. Then on the other hand the Iliad isnÃ¢â¬â¢t entirely a reliable source. Homer wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t writing to accurately recountRead MoreThe Trojan War : Is The Oldest Record Many Historians?1845 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Trojan War is a topic that comes with many discussions, questions, and beliefs that many people even today are looking into. The Iliad, created by Homer, is the oldest record many Historians use to start their research on the Trojan War. Unfortunately, his version of the Trojan War was made 480 years after it occurred, which leaves many people to question if HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s story was true or not. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s times we still may not have all the answers o f the Trojan War but we do have evidence and possibilitiesRead MoreEssay on Miol2911 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pages7 Week 8 Week 9 18/2 11/2 25/2 4/3 11/3 18/3 25/3 HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY AND SCIENCE Term 2: Monday 29/4/13 Ã¢â¬â Friday 28/6/13 Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 29/4 6/5 Week 10 1/4 8/4 TUTANKHAMUNÃ¢â¬â¢S TOMB TASK 1 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 20/5 13/5 Week 11 27/5 3/6 10/6 17/6 24/6 TASK 2 HOMER AND THE TROJAN WAR TUTÃ¢â¬â¢S TOMB THERA Task Term 3: Monday 15/7/13 Ã¢â¬â Friday 20/9/13 Week 1 Week 2 Read More Troy, Truth in the Myth? Essay example1962 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessite in northwest Turkey, as it is believed to be the location of the ancient city. Alexander must have been puzzled when he had arrived in Ilion, the name of the city at the time of his visit. Ilion was a small colony founded centuries after the Trojan War supposedly took place; Alexander and his men must have had a similar reaction to what they saw as many a tourist does today. Visiting the site today, you will find no grand buildings, just broken marble blocks everywhere, and stubs of stone protrudingRead Morean analysis of the qualifications of an Epic Hero887 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdistinguished himself as an undefeatable warrior. Among his other exploits, he captured twenty-three towns in Trojan territory, including the town of Lyrnessos, where he took the woman Briseis as a war-prize.Ã¢â¬ (Hunter) His confidence in himself speaks volumes about him as a person. He knows that virtually, he can not be killed. Ã¢â¬Å"So he wavered, waiting there, but Achilles was closing on him now like the god of war, the fighterÃ¢â¬â¢s helmet flashing, over his right shoulder shaking the Pelian ash spear, that terrorRead MoreEssay about The Historic Accuracy of HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Iliad2923 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pageshas been a European myth for many millennia , the long poetic narrative written in the 8th century B.C. recounts a fearsome war fought over a beautiful woman. The reliability of Homers Iliad as a true historical document has been challenged for hundreds of years and only through archaeological studies can the truth be deciphered. The Iliad was written five centuries after the war, where the stories had been passed down through the oral tradition, therefore the type of society reflected within the poemsRead MoreA Reflection On The Lost Palace Of Sparta1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin Live Science. My main reason for choosing this news story was because I have always been interested in Late Bronze Age Mycenaean Civilization, since Mycenaean culture appears to be connected with Homer s Iliad s Trojan War. Secondly, I took a course on Classical Archaeology as an undergraduate student in Classics. Therefore, I studied the nineteenth century archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann and his excavation of Agamemnon s palace and his gold mask at Mycenae inspired me very much. For
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The different aspects of quality curriculum include being Ã¢â¬Å"coherent, interesting, time-worthy, standards aligned, (and) differentiatedÃ¢â¬ (Erickson, 2007, p. 86). This unit incorporates all aspects of the type of quality curriculum that Erickson has defined which Ã¢â¬Å"strives for student engagement, liveliness, challenge, and supportÃ¢â¬ (Tomlinson et al, 2009, p. 37). Throughout the unit, the Virginia State Standards in Earth Science are being addressed to ensure that the students are prepared for the EOC test. My lessons enable the students to act like a practitioner while learning about space and their objects through their own interests. This is not done in a manner that is strictly astronomy, rather the students are making connections between other disciplines which ultimately allows them to delve deeper into remembering a particular topic (Erickson, 2007, p. 38). Each lesson starts off with a pre-assessment and a Ã¢â¬Å"hookÃ¢â¬ to get students interested in the topic. By having this, I am able to promote curiosity in students, while helping to maintain the meaning that is central to the unit (Tomlinson et al, 2009, p. 47). Then the lesson follows depending upon the topic (space objects, experiments, or space probe creation) with the students being required to use and process the information while they also have to perceive and manage it mentally (Tomlinson et al, 2009, p. 52). These lessons range from the students having to work in groups (large and small) to alone, whichShow MoreRelatedCritically Discuss A Major Global Issue Facing Your Own Country1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCritically discuss a major global issue facing your own country (1500 words) Quality of higher education in Vietnam 1. Introduction In the 21st century, education continuous keep the key role in development and consequently, the attention of public to quality of education are risen highly, especially to higher education. Ensuring quality to meet the demands of industries and students themselves is the priority of higher education institution in Vietnam, however, from the perspective of autonomyRead MoreComparing Education Between United States And Nepal1689 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesComparing Education of United States to Nepal The quality of education varies across the countries. The quality of education system of Nepal is different to United States. While comparing the quality of educations between two countries, several factors that caused were examined. These factor show that there is significant difference between the qualities of education between the two countries. Most importantly, the finding in the papers shows that the quality of education are caused due to economic developmentRead MoreThe National Quality Standard Requirements For Early Childhood Education1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageseducators have to keep in mind the aspect of life where the children has to interact with the immediate environment and and sensory awareness. Moreover, the children has to learn to take responsibilities of their actions therefore, the educators role has expanded as there is a more complex and diverse society. Ã¢â¬Å"In December 2009, all Australian governments, through the Council of Australian Governments (COAG), agreed to a partnership to establish a National Quality Framework for Early Childhood EducationRead MoreCurriculum and Syllabus Design1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1 DISCUSSION A. DEFINITION 1. KTSP ( School Based Curriculum / SBC ) 2006 According to Abdullah (2009:319-320) government regulations No.19, 2005 on National Education standard(Bab 1 pasal 1 ayat 15), KTSP is an operational curriculum developed and implemented in each educational unit. KTSP is the refinement of the curriculum 2004. Based on that definition, the school was given full authority to develop and implement the curriculum. KTSP( SBC ) was implemented according to the ability of schoolsRead MoreEvaluation Of Curriculum Evaluation And Assessment1537 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCurriculum Evaluation and Assessment NCU Week 6 Curriculum Evaluation, Assessment Shonda Moore November 6, 2016 Understanding the purpose behind different types of assessment is a critical skill in evaluating whether or not students have achieved mastery or if skills need to be retaught. standing the purpose behind different types of assessment is a critical skill in evaluating whether or notRead MoreUnderstanding The Predominant Program Models For Early Childhood Education936 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesarrangement, the historical aspect addresses the pathway leading to each models final take on how relationship are a necessity in educating young children. In regards to the history of early childhood education, there is a high level of connectedness between care and education. (Canella, ) In order to understand the predominant program models for early childhood education let the consensus for model be described as a curriculum based approach or a curriculum. What does curriculum mean? For the sake ofRead MoreTeaching Research Papers1624 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The two research studies that I have found on teaching practices that support high-quality programming for children and families include an article on teacher-child interactions and a book called Ã¢â¬Å"Foundations and Best Practices in Early Childhood EducationÃ¢â¬ . Each one of these research studies show different information on numerous ways teaching practices do support high-quality learning for the children and ways to support the families. The article covering child and teacher interactions was designedRead MoreSynthesis Essay : Curriculum By Design989 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSynthesis Paper 2 - Curriculum by Design Many educators now view the importance of a quality curriculum design as one of the key components which ensures students will receive a quality education. However, it was not until half way through the 20th century that curriculum development was even considered relevant to education. Ralph TylerÃ¢â¬â¢s guide on curriculum development, though, created a shift in the thoughts of educators (Villate, 2015). But what defines a good curriculum design? And is thereRead MoreDefinition Curriculum : A Curriculum1042 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesImplied Curriculum Lori Riley Liberty University Every school plans a curriculum that describes what teachers are expected to follow. This curriculum will have an impact on students, but an educatorÃ¢â¬â¢s implied curriculum may have a greater impact on their students than what they realize. McCutcheon (1988) states, Ã¢â¬Å"hidden curriculumÃ¢â¬ is created by the educator, as they inevitably will pass on their values when teaching (p. 198). Educators do not always intend on teaching an implied curriculum butRead MoreChildren s Literature Through The Curriculum1104 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIncorporating ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Literature Through the Curriculum Literature is extremely important to a childÃ¢â¬â¢s learning and development. It allows children to explore different views and experiences. It also sparks questions and in turn leads to new knowledge. Ã¢â¬Å"Educators who believe in reading literature in the classroom and who attempt to integrate listening, speaking, reading, and writing across the curriculum describe themselves as whole language teachersÃ¢â¬ (Kolstad 1). These teachers take the benefits
The book that I decided to do was Animal Farm. I have read this book once before and it really shows the role of Stalinism. Napoleon, the head pig and the ruler of the farm is most similar to the Russian leader during the Russian Revolution, Joseph Stalin. We will write a custom essay sample on Animal Farm.The role of Stalinism or any similar topic only for you Order Now Napoleon is similar to Stalin in the way that they share most character traits such as intelligence and leadership. Although it seemed in the book that Napoleon never displayed in interest in the strength of Animal Farm itself, instead he was worried more about the power he was able to hold over the farm. Stalin did not start off with power from the start. Joseph Stalin was first appointed to serve on the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power over Russia in 1917 and the Soviet Union came about shortly after. Through the next years Stalin was able to make his way up the party rank. He was promoted to General Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922 by the partiesÃ¢â¬â¢ first leader, Vladimir Lenin. Having this role allowed him to appoint people that were loyal to him and help him collect information on other members of the party. Once Lenin died in 1924, Stalin outmaneuvered his rivals with his intelligence and soon become the dictator of the Communist Party. The book Animal Farm was published during the same time that Stalin was starting to take over Russia. The farm is taken over by the overworked and mistreated animals. Once they are able to run off the farm owner the main pig, Napoleon is able to use his smarts and leadership to get the other animals to follow his command. Napoleon is best portrayed as Stalin in this book as they both were able to rise up from the bottom by using their cleverness to overcome any of the obstacles in their way. They both were great leaders and were able to get a lot of followers that had the same beliefs that they did. The author has more than one way that he uses to describe totalitarian power throughout Animal Farm. He first starts off by using Mr. Jones as an example by stating that he runs Manor Farm based on the idea that human power over the animals is the natural order of things. Once the animals heard Old Major give his speech on the chance to have a better life without any humans, the animals decide to rebel and overthrow Mr. Jones. As this revolution happens, Napoleon and the other pigs start to run the newly named, Animal Farm with the declaration that they are all fighting for animals against evil humans. The way that I understand the way totalitarian government is used is that one leader is able to do certain things that are able to persuade people to follow in their beliefs. They are able to use such things as power and smarts to get a person to do such things and anyone that does not will usually have those people killed. Also those who hold power in totalitarian regimes only care about one thing while they rule and that is maintaining power by any means possible. I feel that Orwell was able to describe totalitarian in several ways by using the humans as an example then using the animals. Adolf Hitler and Stalin are the two most known totalitarian leaders in Europe. Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Party and is to blame for World War II and causing the holocaust which led to the suffering of many nations. The two leaders were both very cruel and strict. The circumstances in which the two leaders were able to take power were very similar because they were able to take advantage of the situation they were in and rise to the top. The method in which they used were a little bit different, as Stalin built his way up the ladder slowly and had to remove anybody that seemed to be a threat whereas HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s road to power was shorter to where he was able to become the only leader in just 19 months. Overall the roads to power for the two were different. Hitler took power by means of election where Stalin had to make his way by outmaneuvering many people. In the book the animal that becomes the main leader is the pig, Napoleon. I feel that even though he is modeled as Stalin his rise to power is mostly similar to that of HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s. He is the smartest animal on the farm. By being the smartest he was able to use that ability to get the other animals on his side and believe whatever he said which ultimately led to the animals just accepting him as leader. What I have learned about the totalitarian style of government is that once he leader is able to get to the top he ultimately only cares about one thing and that is staying leader. Such as Stalin was able to outmaneuver people to get to the top and he made sure he appointed people that would be loyal to him from the start so they would not get in his way in the future. Bibliography Ã¢â¬Å"Joseph Stalin. Ã¢â¬ Ã History. com. AEÃ TelevisionÃ Networks, n. d. Web. 10 Dec. 201 2. Ã¢â¬Å"Animal Farm: Themes. Ã¢â¬ LitCharts. com. N. p. , n. d. Web. 8 Dec. 2012 Orwell, George. Animal Farm;. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1954. Print How to cite Animal Farm.The role of Stalinism, Papers
Saturday, April 25, 2020
Vigee Le Brun Elizabeth-Louise Vigee-Le Brun is noted as a very prominent woman/artist in the World of the Eighteenth Century art. She is known for her work as a portrait painter. Her most famous works are included in the series that she had painted at age twenty-four of Queen Marie-Antoinette. Vigee-Le Brun was a woman of so many talents. Before she died at eighty-seven years old, she was an accomplished artist, exceptional musician, and a loving mother to her daughter Julie. Vigee-Le Brun was an unusually unattractive woman. She was charming and self-confident with an ability to present her sitters' personas most advantageously. Vigee-Le Brun was very reputable because she managed to keep her head and professional reputation in a time of political upheaval. (French Revolution). This allowed her to gain fame in France, Italy, Austria, and Russia. Vigee-Le Brun was such an endowed artist that by the age of fifteen she could have supported herself and her family, if her funds weren't taken away from her by her stepfather and unruly husband. Just nine years later she began her most famous portrait series of Marie-Antoinette. This series included "Marie-Antoinette and her children at Versailles -1788," (shown below) the last portrait of thirty that Vigee-Le Brun painted of the doomed queen. This painting still hangs at Versailles. Louis XVI said to Vigee-Le Brun, " I have no knowledge of painting, but you make me fond of it." (Levey 280). Notice the painting shown on the pervious page. Vigee-Le Brun was a painter of the Rococo period. Rococo is best described as an eighteenth century art style that placed emphasis on portraying the carefree life of the aristocracy rather than on grand heroes or pious martyrs. Love and romance were considered to be better subjects for art than historical or religious subjects. The style was characterized by a free, graceful movement; a playful use of line; and delicate colors. This is represented it the work "Marie-Antoinette and her children at Versailles -1788." To describe the work in great detail you must first look at Marie-Antoinette. Her complexion is very fair and she is portrayed as an extremely feminine woman. Her femininity is also shown by her dress. The dress is a rich, red color with a low neckline, and surrounded by lace and ribbons. This could represent a "life-line" between Marie-Antoinette and the youngest of her children because the baby boy is holding on to it for support. All babies need to feel this closeness with their mothers. Vigee-Le Brun could have used that to show Marie-Antoinette as a good motherly figure to the other mothers whom would have seen this work. Another symbol of her motherliness is shown because she is holding her children next to what could be the bed of one of the children, most likely the baby's crib. The dress is harboring a skirt that is more than enough trouble for Marie-Antoinette to handle in one day. This gown is a representation of the aristocracy and of a woman's power. She is wearing a large, matching hat with overbearing feathers. This is also a representation of power. The hat is a frequent characteristic in the series of Marie-Antoinette. Another characteristic of the series is shown by Marie-Antoinette's legs and feet being rested upon a very decorated pillow. This could show that she was of the aristocracy and her feet should be above the dirt on the floor. Now we move on to the children in the painting. They are all wearing fancy clothes, just as children of the aristocracy would. The oldest child is looking up with a gaze in her eyes of admiration for her mother. She looks as if she is being shown as a young Marie-Antoinette. The young girl's dress is also like that of her mother's. It too, is a deep red color with a small outline of lace and ribbon around the neck. The dress has an added bow around the waist. This is done to show the dress as a dress of less maturity. The daughter does look like a young version of her mother, yes; but she can not be shown as overly mature because she is still a young lady. The bow simply down plays the power because of the child-like characteristic. The baby boy in the picture is, as noted in the first paragraph, holding onto his mother with an urgency to fulfill the need of the mother's love and presence. The young boy, the middle child, is standing next to the crib of the baby
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
The Demerara Slave Revolt Essay Essays The Demerara Slave Revolt Essay Essay The Demerara Slave Revolt Essay Essay The 1823 slave revolt in Demarara. Guyana. started on a sugar plantation called Ã¢â¬Å"Plantation SuccessÃ¢â¬ - on the east seashore of the settlement on August 23. It spread throughout the nearby country to affect slaves from at least 55 plantations. In entire. around 10 thousand of the about 75 thousand slaves who lived in the settlement rose in violent rebellion against their oppressors. The rebellion would hold been even larger. nevertheless. had the slaves succeeded in their end of distributing the rebellion to the western portion of the settlement. As it was. the rebellion still alarmed the local plantation owners sufficiently to react rapidly. and with utmost force. Using both army units and local reserves. the plantation owners and colonial functionaries killed several hundred of the arising slaves. and imprisoned 100s more to stand test and face executing. Within yearss. the rebellion had been put down. Two elements made the Demerara Revolt instead unusual. First. it mostly consisted of. and was chiefly led by Creole slaves. This upset the traditional British impression that although the wilder African-born slaves might revolt. the Creole slaves were more docile and accepting of their destiny. This was a rough challenge to any semblance of bondage as a civilizing system. In a universe in which the plantation owners had already seen the abolishment of the slave trade. and in which they could see the abolishment of bondage itself looming in the foreseeable hereafter. it was peculiarly unsettling. Besides fazing was the function played by antislavery groups from England. The unconformist evangelical motion was peculiarly involved in seeking to stop bondage wholly. From at least as early 1808. The London Missionary Society had sent missionaries to Demerara to prophesy and learn among the slaves of the settlement. Planter sentiment was ambivalent. Some thought that faith may assist maintain the slaves in cheque. Other saw the missionaries as unsafe spirit wakers. One missional Ã¢â¬â John Wray Ã¢â¬â was expelled from the settlement once it became known that he had been learning the slaves to read. Another missional Ã¢â¬â John Smith Ã¢â¬â replaced him. Besides back uping the slaves and contending for their cause. Smith kept keeping church for the slaves. He besides fought against plantersÃ¢â¬â¢ efforts at maintaining their slaves from holding Sundays away and from go toing church. In the terminal. the battle for the slavesÃ¢â¬â¢ rights to hold Sundays off became a cardinal issue in the slavesÃ¢â¬â¢ grudges that led to the rebellion. Making usage of spiritual meetings to besides discourse political ideas and plan the rebellion. the slaves created a nexus between the missionaries and the rebellion that the missionaries may non hold been cognizant of. Historians tend to propose that Smith was unknowing. The plantation owners had a different position. In the wake of the rebellion. they arrested Smith and had him sentenced to decease by hanging for his function in the rebellion. Before his sentence could be carried out. nevertheless. Smith died in prison. The decease of 1000s of slaves. and of the white curate John Smith led to blatant reactions in England. People felt that the rebellion and its wake revealed the brutal and inhumane behaviour of the plantation owners. This helped beef up the anti-slavery motion in England. as statements of plantation owner savageness were subsequently used to back up the 1833 Parliamentary opinion to stop bondage in the British Caribbean. The Demarara Revolt hence highlights the of import functions played by both the slaves and the emancipationist groups in England in conveying about the abolishment of bondage in the British West Indies. In England. some administrations were established to run for the abolishment of bondage in the British settlements. In April 1823 a gesture was presented in the House of Commons naming for a gradual abolishment of bondage in all British settlements. but it was defeated because the bulk felt that abolishment of bondage would go forth the plantation owners without a labour force. Alternatively. steps to better the status of slaves were adopted. These ordered that female slaves should non be whipped as penalty and drivers should non transport whips in the field. These new betterment regulations were sent in a missive to all Governors of British settlements. Governor John Murray intentionally delayed its promotion. He received the missive on 23 June 1823 and waited until 2 July to show it to the Court of Policy. pressing the members. who were all slave proprietors. non to move on it instantly. It was non until 7 August the Court of Policy passed the needed declarations to follow the betterment regulations. While the betterment regulations were expecting acceptance in the Court of Policy. house slaves overheard their Masterss discoursing them. Not to the full understanding the deductions of the new regulations. they felt that the plantation owners had received instructions to put the slaves free but were declining to make so. This rumor was passed on to other slaves. One of these slaves. Jack Gladstone. heard the rumor from a slave owned by the Governor. and he wrote a missive to the members of Bethel Chapel informing them of the affair and signed his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s name on it. His male parent was Quamina. a senior deacon of Bethel Chapel. On 25 July. Quamina. on acquisition of the affair. approached Rev. John Smith and informed him that the King of England had granted freedom to the slaves but it was being withheld. Smith said that he had non heard of any such order and added that he had heard that the British Government wanted to do ordinances to better the state of affairs impacting the slaves. but non to put them free. Quamina was non satisfied with what he heard and seemingly reported to the other slaves. some of whom began to do readyings to prehend their freedom which they felt was being intentionally kept off from them. The slaves in East Demerara were convinced that the Governor and their Masterss were keep backing their freedom from them and many of them felt they had no other option than to lift up against those who were non transporting out the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s orders. On the forenoon of Sunday 17 August 1823 slaves at Mahaica met together at Plantation Success and three of them. Jack Gladstone. a Cooper on that plantation. Joseph Packwood and Manuel. assumed some sort of leading of the group. All of them began to be after an uprising. but GladstoneÃ¢â¬â¢s father. Quamina. who arrived at the meeting subsequently. objected to any bloody rebellion and suggested that the slaves should travel on work stoppage. When person asked if they should acquire guns to protect themselves. Quamina. a senior deacon at Rev. John SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s church. said he would hold to seek the advice of the missional on this affair. Quamina departed for Bethel Chapel at Le Ressouvenir. and after the Sunday service. he and two other slaves. Manuel and Seaton. went to SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s place. There they told the priest that the directors of the plantation should travel to Georgetown to Ã¢â¬Å"fetch up the New LawÃ¢â¬ . Smith rebuked them and advised them against talking to any of the directors about this. stating if they did so they would arouse the Governor. He begged them to wait until the Governor and their Masterss tell them about the new ordinances. When Quamina told Smith of the uprising being planned. the priest asked them to state the other slaves. peculiarly the Christians. non to arise. Quamina promised to obey Smith and he sent his two comrades to press other slaves non to arise. He besides told Smith he would direct a message in the eventide to the Mahaica slaves non to lift up against their Masterss. But despite QuaminaÃ¢â¬â¢s attempts. the slaves were determined to arise from the following eventide. Their program was to prehend all guns on the plantations. lock up the White persons during the dark and so direct them to the Governor on the undermentioned forenoon to convey the Ã¢â¬Å"New LawÃ¢â¬ . Quamina urged them non to be violent in the procedure. But on the forenoon of Monday 18 August. the program was betrayed by Joseph Packwood. a house slave. who told his maestro about it. The plantation proprietor. Simpson. instantly gave this information to Governor Murray who with a group of soldiers rode up to the country of Le Ressouvenir and La Bonne Intention where he met a big group of armed Africans on the route. He asked them what they wanted and they replied. Ã¢â¬Å"Our right. Ã¢â¬ He so ordered them to give up their arms. and after they refused. he warned that their noncompliance would do them to lose whatever new benefits the new ordinances intended to give to them. Murray told them to travel place and to run into with him at Plantation Felicity the following forenoon. But the slaves refused this invitation and the Governor later that twenty-four hours proclaimed soldierly jurisprudence. It was really late that afternoon when Rev. John Smith foremost heard of the rebellion. In a note to his source. Jackey Reed. a slave who attended his church. he stated that hasty. violent steps were contrary to Christianity and begged Reed non to take part in the rebellion. Shortly after. while Smith and his married woman were walking on the plantation. they saw a big group of noisy African slaves outside the place of Hamilton. the director of Le Ressouvenir. Smith begged them non to harm Hamilton. but they told him to travel place. That dark the slaves seized and locked up White directors and superintendents on many plantations in East Demerara. There was really small force since the slaves seemingly heeded the petition made by Quamina. The Whites of course were really terrified and they feared they would be killed. But the slaves who were chiefly Christians did non desire to lose their spiritual character and they proclaimed that their action was a work stoppage and non a rebellion. The following twenty-four hours an Anglican priest. Wilthsire Austin. suggested to Governor Murray that he and Smith should be allowed to run into with the slaves to press them to return to work. But the Governor refused this to accept this suggestion. On Wednesday 20 August. the state of affairs took a unusual bend when Smith was arrested and charged for promoting the slaves to arise. The charges besides claimed that he conspired with Quamina and that he failed to inform the Governor of the planned rebellion. Out of an estimated 74. 000 slaves in the united Colony of Essequibo-Demerara about 13. 000 took portion in the rebellion. And out of the 350 estates in the Colony. merely about 37 were involved. No uncertainty. many who did non take portion sympathised with the Rebels and shared their intuition that the plantation owners would save no attempts to forestall them from obtaining their freedom. The rebellion collapsed really rapidly since the slaves. despite being armed. were ill organised. A group of soldiers commanded by Colonel Leahy clashed with about 2. 000 African slaves at BachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventure and viciously crushed them and more than 250 were killed. Some who escaped were hunted down by Amerindian slave-catchers and shooting. Quamina himself was shot dead by Amerindian slave-catchers in the backlands of Chateau Margot and his organic structure was subsequently publically hanged. Jack Gladstone was subsequently arrested and besides hanged. Because Rev. Smith was close to the leaders of the rebellion. he was arrested and charged for holding cognition that the slaves would arise and for non informing the governments. His apprehension which was encouraged by many of the plantation owners was seen as an act of retaliation against the priest for prophesying to the slaves. Smith denied the charge but he was imprisoned for seven hebdomads in Colony House before being tried by a tribunal Martial. He was found guilty and sentenced to be hanged. He appealed to the British Government which later ordered a commuting of the decease sentence and that he should be set free. However. while expecting the consequences of his entreaty to get from England. he died from pneumonia in his prison. The information that he was acquitted arrived in Georgetown after his funeral.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
The History of Laptop Computers It is a little hard to determine which was the first portable or laptop computer since the earliest portable computers to arrive did not look anything like the book-sized folding laptops that we are familiar with today. However, they were both portable and can sit on a persons lap and did eventually lead to the development of notebook style laptops.Ã With that in mind, I have outlined several potential firsts below and how each might qualify for the honor. Many of the off-site links provided below include excellent photos of the computers so that you should be able to see the progression in design.Ã The First Laptop The Grid Compass was designed in 1979 by a Briton named William Moggridge for Grid Systems Corporation. It was one-fifth the weight of any model equivalent in performance and was used by NASA as part of the space shuttle program in the early 1980s. As far as technical specs, it featured a 340K byte bubble memory laptop computer system with a die-cast magnesium case and folding electroluminescent graphics display screen. Gavilan Computer Manny Fernandez had the idea for a well-designed laptop for executives who were just starting to use a computer. Fernandez, who started Gavilan Computer, promoted his machines as the first laptop computers in May 1983. Many historians have credited the Gavilan as the first fully functional laptop computer. The First True Laptop Computer The Osborne 1. Tomislav Medak/Flickr/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0Ã The computer considered by most historians to be the first truly portable computer was the Osborne 1. Adam Osborne, an ex-book publisher was the founder of Osborne Computer Corp, which produced the Osborne 1 in 1981. It was a portable computer that weighed 24 pounds and cost $1795. For that, users got a five-inch screen, modem port, two 5 1/4 floppy drives, a large collection of bundled software programs and a battery pack. Unfortunately, the short-lived computer company was never successful.Ã And The Rest is History Also released in 1981 was the Epson HX-20, a battery powered portable computer with a 20-character by 4 line LCD display and a built-in printer.In January of 1982, Microsofts Kazuhiko Nishi and Bill Gates begin discussions on designing a portable computer that featured a new liquid crystal display or LCD screen. Kazuhiko Nishi later showed the prototype to Radio Shack and the retailer agreed to manufacture the computer.In 1983, Radio Shack released the TRS-80 Model 100, a 4-pound battery-operated portable computer with a design that was flat and looked more like modern laptops of today.In 1984, IBM announced the IBM 5155 Portable Personal Computer.In 1986, Radio Shack released the new, improved and smaller TRS Model 200.In 1988, Compaq Computer introduced its first laptop PC with VGA graphics, the Compaq SLT/286.In 1989, the release of the NEC UltraLite was considered by some to be the first notebook style computer. It was a laptop size computer that weighed under 5-pounds.In Septemb er of 1989, Apple Computer released the first Macintosh Portable that later evolved into the Powerbook.Ã In 1989, Zenith Data Systems released the Zenith MinisPort, a 6-pound laptop computer.Ã In October of 1989, Compaq Computer released its first notebook PC, the Compaq LTE.In March of 1991, Microsoft released the Microsoft BallPoint Mouse, which used both mouse and trackball technology in a pointing device designed for laptop computers.In October of 1991, Apple Computers released the Macintosh PowerBook 100, 140 and 170 - all notebook style laptops.In October of 1992, IBM released its ThinkPad 700 laptop computer.In 1992, Intel and Microsoft release APM or the Advanced Power Management specification for laptop computers.In 1993, the first PDAs or Personal Digital Assistants were released. PDAs are pen-based hand-held computers.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Individual Report - Essay Example The analysis entails the resources and the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s performance in its external environments. This report describes the organizational paradigms and their impact on the process of strategic management. Introduction An organization defines its own ways of identifying its operations in its environment in order to guarantee profitable performance and customer satisfaction. This is achieved through the implementation of a given structure that determines the functions that warrant the objectives of the company. This is aligned to the key objective of a firm that is solely maximizing its profits. The organizational paradigms key issue assists in describing the structural design that is suitable to the accomplishment of the functional requirements (CARTER 2010). Therefore, organizational paradigms imply the fundamental presuppositions that unnoticeably define and shape an organizations structures, policies, and operations. Elements of Organizational Paradigms Organizational par adigms consist of four main elements according to its scientific description. The symbolic generalization is an element that gives ways that problems within the paradigm are posed and solved. The second element is the metaphysical assumptions (STRATI 2000). This element represents the taken-as-given beliefs about the issues that will be treated as real regarding the organizations operations and environment. The third element describes values that embody the fundamental priorities and alternatives of the problems pursued and the main objectives to adhere (DONALDSON 2001). Lastly, exemplars are an organizational paradigmÃ¢â¬â¢s element that deals with those worked-out methods and solutions that exhibit the whole world perception as a rational form. Rational Systems This is an organizational paradigm whose systems are highlighted by high specificity of formation, formalization, objectives, and a conscious purposeful synchronization among members in an effort to establish an efficient operated company. These characteristics of the objectives drive the mannerisms of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s members (HASSARD 1995). It also establishes boundaries through which the organization puts efforts to succeed in relation to the firms goals or community within which it seeks to aspire. In addition, the rational system is usually demonstrated by TaylorÃ¢â¬â¢s Scientific Management concept of methodical evaluation of an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity seeking to set given standards of effectiveness and substitute the arbitrary decisions of front line managers (SCOTT 2003). Furthermore, the rational system addresses management effectiveness by establishing extensive administrative standards through concepts such as hierarchical organizational structures, unity-of-command, and departmentalization. Moreover, it ensures the homogeneity of operations to offer control and focus needed by a firm and its managerial service. The paradigm also offers a different viewpoint that demonstrates the model that companies need structures and procedures to serve and sustain their survival (SCOTT & DAVIS 2007). An example of an implemented rational system is the hierarchical centralized structure of the national security sector of our country. This entails the decision-making process that directs the sector. Each of the constituent part of the sector implements a good deal of the rational system concept. The disciplined forces services are usually affiliated with the